Skip to Content
Canadian Paediatric Society

Peer review

Paediatrics & Child Health appreciates the work and dedication of all its volunteer peer reviewers. It is through their thoughtful assessments of submitted manuscripts that the journal can meet its mission of advocacy and education.

Why it’s important

Peer review is essential for the integrity of any journal. It ensures sound scientific publication by evaluating manuscripts for their originality, scientific accuracy and clarity. Providing detailed comments to authors often results in a high-quality paper, which in turn enhances knowledge and understanding of a topic. Peer review also provides personal benefits to reviewers through opportunities to practice critical thinking, access new information in their field of interest, build their reputation as experts and contribute to paediatrics.

In Canada, peer reviewers can earn:

Our process

A manuscript submitted to Paediatrics & Child Health goes through an editorial checklist before it is assigned to an editor. Provided the paper is suitable for the journal, at least two external reviewers are invited to review the submission.  Reviewers are asked to disqualify themselves if they have any conflict of interest related to the topic or the authors. Once they accept the invitation, they have three weeks to complete and submit the score sheet. The editor considers the feedback and makes the final decision to reject, accept or recommend revisions. The same reviewers may be asked to confirm that the revised manuscript appropriately addresses their initial concerns.  The peer review process takes approximately 4 to 6 weeks.

What to include in your review

The Editors want to know whether a manuscript advances knowledge and understanding of the subject matter appropriately for its broad readership.

The score sheet asks reviewers to:

  • provide their overall impression of the manuscript,
  • rate the manuscript, using a sliding scale (poor to excellent) for interest to readers , originality, composition and scientific accuracy,
  • make a recommendation to reject, accept, accept with minor or major revisions, and
  • suggest areas that need improvement.

Editors believe that feedback should be shared with the authors whenever possible.

  • Confidential comments for the editors: Use this area only for comments of a particularly delicate or controversial nature that should not be seen by the authors. A frank comment that summarizes your honest opinion of what should happen with the manuscript belongs here.
  • Comments that may be of help to the authors: Use this area to convey specific feedback to the author. Although it is important to point out grammatical errors, the emphasis should be on content and the flow of the manuscript. It often works well to divide your comments into “Major concerns” and “Minor concerns”.

Editors consider your recommendation before making a decision. Almost all manuscripts require at least minor revisions.

  • Choose Reject if you suspect plagiarism or if you rated the manuscript 3 or less on two or more criteria or if it is your impression that this manuscript would not be of interest to most Canadian physicians who care for children.
  • Choose Accept with major revision if you believe the topic is of interest and relevance to our readers but requires extensive revisions.
  • Choose Accept with minor revision if the manuscript requires revisions that an author can easily address.

Additional resources

Last updated: Sep 12 2017