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Canadian Paediatric Society

What does Paediatrics & Child Health publish?

There are many ways to contribute to Paediatrics & Child Health—a journal that strives to engage, inform and stimulate readers.

Paediatrics & Child Health considers articles in both English and French. The journal is indexed in PubMed Central. Most articles will be published in electronic format within 8 weeks of acceptance. Any article containing plagiarism (copying long phrases or sentences from a published source without putting them in quotation marks) will be rejected and the authors and their university or hospital will be notified.

Manuscripts from the field

Contributions from readers

Submit Letters to the Editor and Therapeutic Dilemma articles directly to the Editorial Office.

Invited Manuscripts

Contribution to these columns is by invitation only. Invited manuscripts are peer reviewed before being accepted for publication.

A Letter to My Younger Colleagues, Editorials, EPIQ ReviewsEvidence for Clinicians, MicroResearch for Global Health and Surveillance Highlights.

Manuscripts from the field

A Picture Says a Thousand Words

Submissions should be one to four photographs or radiographic images from a case. There are two possible formats, each of which should have no more than:

  • 3 authors
  • 10 references

Format #1: The interesting aspect is the diagnosis, which readers can derive from the information provided (750-word limit). Must include:

  • a description of the case (maximum 250 words)
  • the diagnosis with a concise summary of the condition (maximum 500 words)

Format #2: The interesting aspect is the figure itself. Include a concise description of the case (maximum 300 words).

Case Reports

Occasionally the journal publishes case reports describing a previously unreported aspect of a particular treatment or condition that is likely to be seen by a general paediatrician or family physician. If an astute clinician could make the diagnosis from the case details, consider submitting a Clinician’s Corner article instead.

  • 1000-word limit (excluding abstract, tables, figure legends and figures, and references)
  • 150-word descriptive abstract with 3 to 6 keywords
  • 15-reference limit

Case Reports should include a descriptive abstract, introduction, case presentation, case description and conclusion.

Clinician’s Corner

Paediatrics & Child Health encourages trainees and paediatricians outside of teaching hospitals to share their clinical experiences in this feature. Priority is given to cases illustrating an approach to common problems or important clinical clues to less common diagnoses that should not be missed (800-word limit).

  • Begin with a 200-word (maximum) case presentation to give readers enough information to suspect the diagnosis without making it obvious
  • Follow with a 600-word discussion
  • Conclude with 3 “clinical pearls”
  • Include a maximum of 2 references, if helpful


Paediatrics & Child Health welcomes advocacy commentaries that present a problem of interest to readers by providing the evidence and a strategy to effect change, such as an improvement in practice or legislation. The journal also considers opinion commentaries that present a controversial issue by putting forward a clear point of view supported with sound arguments.

  • 1500-word limit, excluding abstract, tables, figure legends and figures, and references
  • 150-word descriptive abstract with 3 to 6 keywords
  • 15-reference limit

Commentaries should include a descriptive abstract, introduction, main text and conclusion.

Paediatric Progress: How should it change your practice?

Paediatric Progress provides an update on a topic of interest to general paediatricians and family physicians. The focus should be on contemporary knowledge—within the last 5 years of published literature. Updates should be evidence-based and focused on patient care. The emphasis should be on practical aspects of diagnosis or management, although authors are encouraged to provide updated information on pathophysiology where relevant. The update should focus on diagnostic tools and therapies that are available in Canada and, where relevant, provide advice for how one would manage this condition in remote areas (i.e. who needs to be referred and how urgently). Priority is given to topics with no other recent high quality updates in other journals.


  • 2500-word limit (excluding abstract, tables, figures, acknowledgments, references, and online-only material)
  • Up to 3 tables and/or figures
  • 40-reference limit
  • “What’s New” section, summarizing key points in 3 to 5 bullets (75 word maximum)

More traditional review articles may be considered in some circumstances. Consult the editorial office about the suitability of the topic prior to submission.

Practical Tips for Paediatricians

The journal considers concise reports that are noteworthy for a specific learning point about a common or serious condition that can be applied to inpatient or outpatient practice.

  • 750-word limit
  • 1-table or 1-figure limit
  • 6-reference limit, with 3 to 6 keywords
  • abstract not required

Rapid reviews in Paediatric Integrative Medicine

Integrative health approaches combine conventional and complementary therapies in an evidence-based fashion. This new series synthesizes best available evidence about non-pharmacological approaches for paediatric pain.

This column will feature rapid reviews, systematic reviews and/or meta-analyses of interventions that most would consider to be complementary therapies. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines must be followed and ideally a PRISMA check-list submitted with the manuscript. If recommendations are made, they must be formulated using Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluations (GRADE). Instructions for doing so can be found on the GRADE working group website. Ideally GRADE tables will accompany the manuscript and be published as an on-line appendix.

Authors should consult the editorial office to ensure the topic is considered to be of interest to paediatricians and that there are sufficient clinical trials to warrant publication. It is highly recommended that manuscripts be reviewed by at least one clinician who has practical experience with the therapy. 

The initial columns will be a series on pain management but a wide variety of topics would be relevant for this column.

Maximum: 2500 words (higher word counts can be negotiated in special circumstances)

Original Articles

Paediatrics & Child Health welcomes original research articles that report on clinical trials (interventional, cohort or case series studies), case-control studies, epidemiologic assessments or surveys, on subjects that may effect change in clinical practice or contribute significantly to knowledge translation for our readers. Priority is given to articles of particular relevance to clinicians serving Canadian children and youth.

Follow the EQUATOR Network guidelines for details on how to report your study and include a check-list for the appropriate guideline.

Original research articles should include a structured abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion and conclusion.

  • 2500-word limit (excluding abstract, tables, figure legends and figures, and references)
  • 250-word structured abstract with 3 to 6 keywords 
  • no reference limit but do not use more than  necessary
  • 3-table and 2-figure limit
  • brief acknowledgements may be submitted

See Many, Do Many, and Teach Many

Authors are invited to submit manuscripts that describe novel methods, programs or currciula for teaching clinical paediatrics or the fundamentals of paediatric research to trainees or to paediatricians. Studies analyzing evaluation of learners are also welcome. Although learner satisfaction is a worthy outcome, studies should look at outcomes that are more objective and/or more long-term if possible. Submission from outside Canada is encouraged but the innovation must be applicable in the Canadian setting.

  • Maximum length is 2500 words but priority will be given to shorter manuscripts.  

The Critical Lens

The Critical Lens is focused on enhancing advocacy. These articles are unsolicited viewpoints that reflect opinions of leading scholars about matters of paediatric care, education, research and policy. Critical Lens articles must be highly readable and compelling and appeal to readers of Paediatrics & Child Health, paediatric care providers and policy makers. The goal is to publish thought-provoking, timely viewpoints about significant issues in caring for Canadian children such as: access to care; provincial barriers to implementation of guidelines; public health; pollution issues threatening our small patients; and immigrant and refugee health care. Inquiries to the Editor prior to submission are encouraged. 

  • 1000-word limit (excluding title and author affiliations)
  • 1 figure or table maximum
  • 10-reference limit
  • No more than 3 authors

The Path to Quality & Safety Improvement

This column features articles that provide insights and learning on improving quality and safety of care in paediatrics in Canada, and how to get there.

Articles should highlight quantitative and qualitative research findings of evolving quality measurement, care coordination programs, large-scale improvement efforts, and the implementation of multifaceted quality-improvement interventions in community and academic care for children and youth in Canada.

The new column publishes articles on administration and management (including designing of organizations and roles), performance measurement and improvement, behavioural healthcare quality, compliance, evidence-based practice, pain management, accreditation issues and successes, information systems and management, knowledge management, innovations in healthcare, education’s move to quality, government affairs and policy making, patient and staff safety, research in healthcare quality, continuum of care, and global and international paediatric health care issues. The idea is to provide news, opinion, debate and research for academics, clinicians, healthcare managers and policy makers. It encourages the science of improvement, debate, and new thinking on improving the quality of healthcare. The focus shall be on improving readers’ knowledge on quality and safety with the overall goal of improving patient care. Evaluation of the impact and data on tracking outcomes are essential.

An abstract, key words, subheadings including purpose, introduction, limitations, conclusions and a paragraph on potential impact and implications for practice of the proposed quality and safety initiative are required. Concise and clear writing is encouraged.

  • 2500-word limit
  • 20-reference limit
  • Visual aids (e.g. bullets, lists, tables and figures) are encouraged

View from the Top

This column consists of overviews of reviews (systematic reviews on different therapies for one condition combined into one manuscript). The systematic reviews can be Cochrane or non-Cochrane reviews but authors must follow the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions guidelines. Consult the editorial office about the suitability of your topic prior to submission. Word and reference limits will depend upon the topic.

Contributions from readers

Letters to the editor

Paediatrics & Child Health welcomes Letters to the Editors (maximum 500 words), which refer to articles published in the journal in the previous 3 months. The author of the published article will see the letter and have an opportunity to respond. Letters and responses are published as soon as possible, at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. Submit directly to the Editorial Office.

Therapeutic Dilemma

The majority of therapies in children have not had the benefit of evidence-based evaluation. This feature complements the outstanding work of Cochrane Child Health and others in establishing evidence-based practice by giving clinicians guidance on current best practice in areas of therapeutic uncertainty. Residents, paediatricians and other frontline providers are encouraged to share their therapeutic questions with readers. Questions should be brief—one or two lines long. Submit directly to the Editorial Office.

Invited Manuscripts

A Letter to My Younger Colleagues

These essays are written by selected senior Canadian paediatricians who have been identified as outstanding mentors by a prominent group of their younger peers. They include rich pearls of wisdom based on a lifetime of professional practice and personal reflections.


Editorials relate to other papers in the journal or discuss topical or timely issues.

EPIQ Review Summaries

Developed and established in Canadian neonatal intensive care units, EPIQ (Evidence-based Practice for Improving Quality) is a scientific method for continuous quality improvement that is evidence-based, targeted on key outcomes, collaborative by involving interprofessional teams, and continuous by promoting a culture of change. Based on the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation literature review template, the EPIQ review process addresses important clinical questions by summarizing relevant studies. Each article is intended as a guide to best practices, does not represent unique or mandatory protocols, and summarizes the full version of the review available at

Evidence for Clinicians

This column explores clinical questions frequently encountered in the course of practice where it is believed there is some controversy. The format specifies Population (type of patient), Intervention, Comparison (treatment options) and Outcome (a clinical result)—PICO. Questions are systematically searched, appraised and summarized along with a description of some of the strengths and weaknesses of the studies. In addition, a clinical expert on the topic is invited to provide clinical commentary. This work is typically carried out by Cochrane Child Health but the editorial office would be happy to hear from others who would like to write such a column.

Example of a question: “In patients presenting to the emergency department with mild to moderate croup, are glucocorticoids more effective than placebo in causing clinical improvement?

MicroResearch for Global Health

This column showcases micro-research projects that have been supported in part through the efforts of the Canadian Paediatric Society and its members. Each short report, or extended abstract, summarizes the full version of the research project available at

Surveillance Highlights

The Canadian Paediatric Surveillance Program (CPSP) is a joint project between the CPS and the Public Health Agency of Canada, which undertakes the surveillance of rare diseases and conditions in children and youth. Each highlight is a teaching tool that presents a short clinical example, from one of the studies or one-time surveys with important learning points that translate knowledge about the condition. Details include only what is pertinent to the clinical vignette in question and are not meant to cover a topic extensively.

Last updated: Jul 16 2018