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Canadian Paediatric Society

Editorial policies

Paediatrics & Child Health conforms to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ (ICMJE) Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals.

Manuscripts are received with the understanding that they are submitted solely to Paediatrics & Child Health, and that none of the material contained in the manuscript has been previously published or is under consideration for publication elsewhere, with the exception of abstracts.


Paediatrics & Child Health editors and peer reviewers carefully review each manuscript for original content. Manuscripts that contain plagiarized material will be immediately rejected.

Reporting style

It is highly recommended that where applicable your manuscript follow the appropriate reporting guidelines on the EQUATOR website.

Informed consent

Patients have a right to privacy and they and/or their parents/guardians must provide verbal or written consent if there is any possibility that they could be recognized from a case report or photograph. A sample consent form is available for your use.

While complete anonymity may be difficult to achieve, identifying information, including patients’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions. Masking the eye region in photographs or patients is not adequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, such as in pedigrees, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning and editors should so note. 

Conflict of interest and financial disclosure

Paediatrics & Child Health and the Canadian Paediatric Society require authors to disclose any and all potential, perceived or actual conflicts of interest (defined as any financial relationship that relates in any way to the content of the manuscript). These include but are not limited to specific financial interest, relationship and affiliations relevant to the topic(s) discussed in the submitted manuscript. These could be employment/affiliation, grants or funding, consultancies, honoraria, stock ownership or option, expert testimony, royalties, or patent files, received or pending. 

Include all conflicts of interest in the original cover letter, as well as on the title page. Err on the side of over-disclosure. It is very rare that a manuscript would be rejected because of an identified conflict of interest, but your manuscript is likely to be rejected if we uncover an undisclosed conflict of interest. Our goal is to be aware of any conflicts to ensure there is no bias in the methodology or in the discussion of the results. If none of the authors has a relevant conflict of interest, include a statement confirming that there are none.

Once an article is likely to be accepted, manuscript authors will be required to complete an ICJME Conflict of Interest form prior to publication. These forms are available via the ICJME website, or are available on request from the journal editorial office. Again, err on the side of over-disclosure, including any conflicts that have arisen since the original cover letter was submitted.

This policy is not intended to prevent authors with financial or other interests from publishing their work. However, it is the journal’s responsibility to provide reviewers and readers with full disclosure to ensure scientific integrity.

Permission to reproduce published material

Authors are responsible to obtain written permission from the publisher and the author to reproduce any previously published work. A sample request form is available for your use.

Statement of transmittal

All statements and opinions are the responsibility of the authors. With submission of a manuscript, a statement of transmittal must indicate that all authors have participated in the research, and have reviewed and agree with the content of the article.

Ethics of human and animal experiments

If human subjects are involved, the text must indicate that all gave verbal or written informed consent and that the protocol was approved by the institutional ethics review committee, providing the name of the ethics board that approved the study and the number of the ethics approval.

When reporting on human subjects, the Methods section should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) and so would be compliant with the Helsinki Declaration (1964, amended most recently in 2008) of the World Medical Association. The name of the authorizing body should be stated in the paper. The Methods section should include a statement that the patient’s written consent was obtained and any information, including illustrations, should be as anonymized as far as possible. Patients' names, initials, or hospital numbers should not be used in the text or in illustrative material.

We do not publish animal research.

Appeal process

If an original manuscript is rejected, the author can seek an appeal to the decision from the Editor-in-Chief. For original manuscripts rejected by the Editor-in-Chief without peer review, one or more Senior Editors will be asked to review the decision. Please note that there is no appeal process for Letters to the Editor. The main reason that manuscripts are rejected is that they do not fulfill the following three criteria:

  • Of interest to a significant number of general paediatricians and family physicians who care for children and youth in Canada.
  • Add something new to the literature or present information in a novel format appealing to our readers.
  • Contain at least one practical take-home point for the reader.

Last updated: Mar 9 2018