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Canadian Paediatric Society

Condition-Specific Screening Tools and Rating Scales

Anxiety
Attention deficit/hyperactivity
Autism and Asperger’s syndrome
Depression
Eating disorders
Obsessive compulsive and tic disorders
Quality of life
Tics

Anxiety


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED)

7–19 years of age

Parent
Patient

10 minutes

Free

Available in French

To assess symptoms of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents.

MASC and MASC-10

8–19 years of age

Patient

5–15 minutes

The MASC complete kit (including manual and 25 MASC QuikScore forms) costs $130.00. The MASC/MASC-10 complete kit (including manual and 25 each of the MASC and MASC-10 QuikScore forms) costs 184.00.

To assess anxiety symptoms in children, adolescents and adults. It is NOT a diagnostic measure. A fourth grade reading level is required
Permission required for use.

 

Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN)  

Adolescent to adulthood

Patient

 

Free with permission.

Available in French

Reference:
Connor KM, Davidson JR, Churchill LE, Sherwood A, Foa E, Weisler RH. Psychometric properties of the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN). New self-rating scale. British Journal of Psychiatry 2000; 176:379-386.

 

Self-reported assessment scale consists of 17 items, which cover the main spectrum of social phobia such as fear, avoidance, and physiological symptoms
five answers based on a likert scale of intensity of social phobia symptoms ranging from "Not at all" to "Extremely".
total score higher than 19 indicates on likelihood of social anxiety disorder.
valid assessment scale for screening social anxiety disorder. 

Mini-Social Phobia Inventory (Mini-SPIN)

Adolescent to adult
A 3-item scale

Patient

Less than 5 minutes

Free with permission from
david011@mc.duke.edu

Available in French

Reference: Connor KM, Kobak KA, Churchill LE, Katzelnick D, Davidson JR. Mini-SPIN: a brief screening assessment for generalized social anxiety disorder. Depression and Anxiety 2001; 14:137-140.

 

A 3-item, self-rated scale used to screen for Social Anxiety Disorder.

Studies have shown the Mini-SPIN to accurately identify 90% of people diagnosed with Social Anxiety Disorder.

 

Attention deficit/hyperactivity    


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

ADHD Rating Scale IV (Du Paul)

5–17 years old

Parent and teacher

5–10 minutes

For purchase

 

18-item scale linked directly to DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for ADHD.

Conners Rating Scales

3–17 years old

Parent, teacher and adolescent (depends on version)

5–10 minutes for parents
10–20 minutes for teachers

For purchase

Version available for: parents, teachers and adolescents. Assess conduct problems, learning problems, physical symptoms, impulsivity, hyperactivity and anxiety 

SNAP-IV Teacher and Parent Rating Scale

5–18 years old

Parent, teacher and patient (depends on version)

5–10 minutes

Free

90-item questionnaire measuring symptoms of ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder and aggression. 

Adult ADHD Rating Scale (ADHDRS)

Late teens, adulthood

Patient

Under 5 minutes

Free

Self-assessment screening tool for adolescents in their late teens.

Autism and Asperger’s syndrome  


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

Autism Spectrum Rating Scales

 

Parent
Teacher

10 minutes

For purchase

Identify symptoms, behaviors, and associated features of ASDs in children and adolescents. 

Autism Spectrum Quotient Scale

 

 

 

Permission required for use

Available in French

Reference:

B. Auyeung, S. Baron-Cohen, S. Wheelwright and C. Allison, (2008)
The Autism Spectrum Quotient: Children's Version (AQ-Child)
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

S. Baron-Cohen, R. A. Hoekstra, R. Knickmeyer and S. Wheelwright, (2006)
The Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ) — Adolescent Version
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 36:343-350

 

To assess the presence and severity of Autism Spectrum Disorder traits in children and adolescents ages 4 to 11 or as a screening measure to identify individuals who may be in need of further evaluation.

Reliability:
AQ-Adol: The authors report internal consistency reliabilities (alphas) of 0.66-0.88 and a test-retest reliability of 0.92.
AQ-Child: The authors report internal consistency reliabilities (alphas) of 0.83-0.97 and a test-retest reliability of 0.85. 

Validity:
AQ-Adol: The authors report evidence of discriminative validity.
AQ-Child: The authors report evidence of discriminative validity and good sensitivity and specificity.

Autism Spectrum Screening Questionnaire (ASSQ)

7–16 years with normal IQ or mild ID

Parent and teacher

10 minutes

Free

Provide a quick assessment of whether a child might have signs or symptoms related to disorders that could be classified under “autism.”

Checklist for Autism in Toddlers  (CHAT)

18–24 months

Parent

5–10 minutes

Free

14-item screening tool developed for physicians to use at 18-month check-up to identify children who are at risk for social-communication disorders.

Childhood Asperger Syndrome Test (CAST)

All ages

Parent

20 minutes

Free

 

Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS2)

2 years of age and older

Parent
Clinician

5-10 minutes

 For purchase

Distinguishes ASD severity.
Two 15-item rating scales with forms.

Gilliam Autism Rating Scale (GARS-2)

3-22 years of age

Clinicians
Educators

5-10

For purchase

Identifies ASD and estimates severity of the disorder.
There are 42 items groupled into 3 subscales: stereotypical behaviours, communication and social interaction.

Modfied Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT)

16–48 months

Physician with parent

Under 5 minutes

Free

23 yes/no item questionnaire that assesses the risk for autism spectrum disorders.

Pervasive Development Disorders Screening Test (PDDST-II)

12–48 months

Parent

10–20 minutes

For purchase

There are 22 items and 3 version for 3 stages: Primary care, developmental clinic screener, and autism clinic severity screener.

Screening Tool for Autism in Toddlers and Young Children (STAT)

24–35 months of age

 

20 minutes

For purchase

Developed for community service providers who with children in intervention settings.
Has 12 items

Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ)

4 years and older who have a mental age of 2 years or more

Parent

10 minutes

For purchase

40 yes/no questions and answers

Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS-2)

2.5 to 18 years

Parent
Teacher

15-20 minutes

For purchase

Identifies presence and severity of social impairment with autism spectrum and differentials it from that which occurs in other disorders.

Depression


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire)

http://www.phqscreeners.com/pdfs/02_PHQ-9/English.pdf

12–18 years of age

Patient

Less than 5 minutes

Free

 

13 items – scored across 4 broad categories (Not at all/Several days/more than half the days/nearly every day)
Total scores ≥ 11 are positive

Total score: Depression severity
1–4: Minimal depression
5–9: Mild depression
10–14: Moderate depression (≥ 11 = positive score)
15–19: Moderately severe depression
20–27: Severe depression

CDI 2 (Child Depression Inventory 2)  

7–17 years

  • Parent
  • Teacher
  • Patient

 

5–15 minutes

Approximately $75 for 25 forms
Available in many languages

May be administered and scored by counselors, nurses, physicians, psychologists, social workers, and other trained professionals and paraprofessionals.

BDI (Beck Depression Inventory)

Adolescents aged 13 and up

Patient

5 minutes

The complete hand-scoring kit (including manual and 25 record forms) costs $162.
Available in French

BDI can be used for screening and diagnosis of depression, and for monitoring therapeutic progress in both in- and outpatient populations.

CDRS-R (Children’s depression rating scale-revised)

6–12 years

Physician

15-20 minutes

The CDRS kit (including 25 administration booklets and the manual) costs $99. 

Assesses the presence and severity of depression symptoms in children. Examiner should be a clinician trained in the administration and interpretation of psychological measures.

QIDS (quick inventory of depressive symptoms)

Adolescent to adulthood

Patient

5 minutes

Provides further information – and patients can complete the inventory on the site and it is scored

Measuring 16 factors across 9 different criterion domains for major depression, this screening test for depression was originally developed at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

 

MFQ (mood and feelings questionnaire)

 

Parent report on the child

Child self-report

5 minutes

Free

Series of descriptive phrases coded most of the time/sometimes/not at all in past 2 weeks

RADS (Reynolds adolescent depression scale)

12–20 years of age

Patient

5–10 minutes

Examination kit (including manual, 25 test booklets and 25 summary profiles) costs $151.
Available in French

Primarily designed to screen adolescents in school or clinical settings for depression.

KADS-6  and 11 item (Kutcher Adolescent Depression Scale 6 item)

12–22 years of age

Patient

 

Free
Available in French

Can be used to monitor symptoms over time.

Eating disorders


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26)

Middle- to high school-aged children and adolescents

Parent
Patient

5–10 minutes, and 5 minutes for scoring

Free

Available in French

Reference: Garner DM and Garfinkel PE (1979) Psychological Medicine 9:273-9

Easily accessible. A standardized, self-report measure of symptoms and concerns characteristic of eating disorders. Does not detect binge eating disorder (BED).

SCOFF Eating Disorders Questionnaire

High school-aged children

Physician with patient

Less than 5 minutes

Free

5-item questionnaire to assess core features of anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa.

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

Children's Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (CYBOCS)

5–18 years

Parent
Patient

 

Free

Assess the type and severity of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms in children and adolescents, as a screening measure to identify children and adolescents in need of further intervention, or to monitor improvement in OCD symptoms in children and adolescents following treatment/ intervention.

Quality of life


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

Children Quality of Life Questionnaire - Revised (KINDL-R)

4–16 years

Self-report or interview (for children who cannot read)

5–15 minutes

For purchase

Available in French

Complete the collaboration form,  and send by fax +49-40-7410-40234 or email b.gardemeier@uke.de.

 

Assesses quality of life in healthy and ill children and adolescents.
Reliability:
Authors reported internal consistency reliabilities (alphas) of 0.63-0.84

Validity:
Authors report evidence of discriminative validity and extensive convergent validity

Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI)

PWI-PS (Preschool-age)
PWI-SC (School children),
PWI-ID (Intellectual and cognitive disability)

Self-report questionnaire or interview

 

Free

Available in French

 

Tics


Screening tool

Age group(s)

Completed by

Time required to complete

Availability

Additional Comments

Yale Global Tourette severity scale (YGTSS)

 

5 years of age and older

Physician

 

Free

Assess the frequency and severity of motor and phonic tics, to establish a baseline measure prior to the implementation of a treatment/ intervention program, as an indicator of change during or following a treatment/intervention program, or as an indicator of treatment/intervention program effectiveness.

Last updated: Aug 2 2016